Heart failure (HF) and acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD) are considered significant causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Concurrent presentation of HF with AECOPD can pose a diagnostic challenge due to an overlap in symptomatology. We queried the National Inpatient Sample (NIS) database to assess outcomes of HF hospitalizations with a secondary diagnosis of AECOPD. We performed a retrospective analysis of discharge data from the Healthcare Cost Utilization Project NIS between January 1, 2004, and December 31, 2014, with a primary diagnosis of HF with and without a secondary diagnosis of AECOPD. Data was abstracted from the NIS using International Classification of Disease 9 codes. Primary outcomes included mortality, length of stay, and inflation-adjusted cost of stay. During 2004-2014, a total of (n = 10,392,628) HF hospitalizations were identified without a secondary diagnosis of AECOPD while (n = 989,713) HF hospitalizations were identified with a secondary diagnosis of AECOPD. We identified higher mortality (3.25% vs 3.56%, p <0.001), length of stay (5.2 vs 6.1 days, p <0.001) and inflation-adjusted cost of stay (12,562 vs 13,072 USD, p <0.001) in HF hospitalizations with AECOPD when compared to HF without AECOPD from 2004 to 2014. We presented AECOPD as an independent predictor of mortality in patients admitted for HF. In conclusion, further interdisciplinary collaboration between pulmonologists and cardiologists is needed for the identification and stratification of patients who present with concurrent HF and COPD for better outcomes.
Asim Kichloo, Abdul Mannan Khan Minhas, Shakeel Jamal, Ali Tariq Shaikh, Micheal Albosta, Jagmeet Singh, Muhammad Zia Khan, Micheal Aljadah, Farah Wani, Muhammad Hisham Khan Wazir, Khalil Kanjwal