Trends and Impact of the Use of Mechanical Circulatory Support for Cardiogenic Shock Secondary to Takotsubo Cardiomyopathy.

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Data on the trend and impact of mechanical circulatory support (MCS) in patients with Takotsubo cardiomyopathy (TC) are scarce. We evaluated the incidence and outcomes of cardiogenic shock (CS) in TC patients and the trend in use of MCS over time. The National Inpatient Sample from 2005 through 2014 was used to identify patients admitted with TC and those receiving MCS. Multivariate logistic regression was performed to identify predictors of mortality. The Cochran-Armitage test was used for the trend analysis across the years. Admissions for TC showed a linear increase for the study period. From 2005-2014 the proportion of TC managed with MCS remained stable, with some yearly fluctuations. Crude in-hospital mortality rate was 2.5% in the patients admitted with TC but was significantly higher in those with CS (15.81% vs. 1.68%, p < 0.001). There was no difference in mortality in TC patients with CS, both with and without the use of MCS. However, patients managed with MCS were more likely to be discharged to a skilled nursing facility (31% vs. 25.55, p = 0.015) compared to TC patients with CS who were medically managed. The cost of care for patients with TC and CS, managed with MCS was significantly higher than those managed medically ($171K vs. $128K, p <0.001). In patients managed with MCS, only sepsis was associated with a higher likelihood of death using multivariate analysis (OR 2.538, CI 1.245 - 5.172; p = 0.011). In conclusion, the incidence of TC has increased over the years, but the proportion of patients requiring MCS has declined. Crude mortality rate for TC was 2.5%, but was 15.8% in the TC patients with CS. The use of MCS did not lead to improved mortality but was associated with higher cost and increased likelihood of skilled nursing facility discharge.

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