Trajectories of pain over 6 years in early Parkinson's disease: ICICLE-PD.

Pain is a common non-motor symptom in Parkinson's disease (PD), affecting up to 85% of patients. The frequency and stability of pain over time has not been extensively studied. There is a paucity of high-quality studies investigating pain management in PD. To develop interventions, an understanding of how pain changes over the disease course is required.One hundred and fifty-four participants with early PD and 99 age-and-sex-matched controls were recruited as part of a longitudinal study (Incidence of Cognitive Impairment in Cohorts with Longitudinal Evaluation in PD, ICICLE-PD). Pain data were collected at 18-month intervals over 72 months in both groups using the Nonmotor Symptom Questionnaire (NMSQ), consisting of a binary yes/no response. Two questions from the Parkinson's Disease Questionnaire (PDQ-39) were analysed for the PD group only.Unexplained pain was common in the PD group and occurred more frequently than in age-matched controls. 'Aches and pains' occurred more frequently than 'cramps and muscle spasms' at each time point (p 

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Authors: J Naisby, R A Lawson, B Galna, L Alcock, D J Burn, L Rochester, A J Yarnall