The Role of Medical Comorbidity in the Rapid Psychiatric Readmission of Patients With Schizophrenia-spectrum Disorders.

Inpatient admissions are common for individuals with schizophrenia-spectrum disorders, and difficulty transitioning from the hospital to the community results in these individuals being at high risk for hospital readmissions. Thus, psychotic disorders account for high rates of rapid readmission within 30 days of discharge. Increasing evidence highlights the role of comorbid medical conditions, such as circulatory and metabolic problems, in contributing to early readmission rates for these patients. This study examined the specific role of circulatory and metabolic problems in predicting psychiatric rehospitalizations while accounting for other medical conditions, psychiatric comorbidities, and preadmission medications.The electronic medical records of 752 patients admitted to a psychiatric hospital were examined, with patients classified as having readmission within 30 days of their index hospitalization (n=79) or no readmission within 30 days (n=673). The 2 groups were compared on multiple variables in univariate and multivariate analyses.Male sex [odds ratio (OR)=2.02, P=0.019)], disability status (OR=1.96, P=0.027), and presence of a circulatory (but not a metabolic) condition (OR=3.43, P=0.003) were associated with significantly increased odds of being rehospitalized within 30 days, even when accounting for additional predictors, including age, substance use disorder, race, and other medical conditions.These findings highlight the importance of considering circulatory, in addition to metabolic disorders, during inpatient stays. This comorbidity pattern may signify a subset of individuals with schizophrenia-spectrum disorders requiring more comprehensive discharge planning and support after an inpatient hospitalization to prevent rapid rehospitalization.

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