Sustained response to subcutaneous immunoglobulins in chronic ataxic neuropathy with anti-disialosyl IgM antibodies (CANDA): report of two cases and review of the literature.

Chronic ataxic neuropathy with anti-disialosyl IgM antibodies (CANDA) is a rare disorder for which the pathological, neurophysiological, and therapeutic evidence remains anecdotal and controversial.This report on CANDA focuses on the neurophysiological patterns and treatment responses shared by two cases. One patient underwent nerve ultrasound follow-up. A comprehensive review of the literature highlighted the diverse experiences with different treatment options.Response to different therapies was similar in both patients: intravenous immunoglobulins achieved a favorable response albeit with significant wearing-off fluctuations; treatment with subcutaneous immunoglobulins (SCIg) was an effective alternative leading to a clinical response for at least 2 years. Rituximab, which was trialed in both patients, was not continued long enough to determine its efficacy in modifying the disease course and/or modulating responsiveness to immunoglobulins. Steroids caused clinical worsening in both patients.Immunoglobulin therapy appeared as the most effective in the treatment of these two patients. SCIg provided an effective treatment option for the long-term management of CANDA.

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