Successful prenatal therapy of anti-CD36-mediated severe FNAIT by deglycosylated antibodies in a novel murine model.

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Recent studies have demonstrated that maternal anti-CD36 antibodies represent a frequent cause of fetal/neonatal alloimmune thrombocytopenia (FNAIT) in Asian and African populations. However, little is known about the pathomechanism and antenatal treatment of anti-CD36-mediated FNAIT. Here, we established a novel animal model to examine the clinical features of pups from immunized Cd36-/- female mice after breeding with wild-type male mice. Mild thrombocytopenia was observed, but high pup mortality was also documented (40.26%). IVIG (1 g/kg) administration on days 7, 12, and 17 to immunized Cd36-/- mothers after breeding reduced fetal death (12.70%). However, delaying the IVIG administration series on days 10, 15, and 20 did not reduce fetal death (40.00%). In contrast, injection of deglycosylated anti-CD36 (deg-anti-CD36) polyclonal antibodies (5 mg/kg) on days 10, 15, and 20 significantly reduced fetal death (5.26%). Subsequently, monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) against mouse CD36 were developed, and one clone producing high-affinity anti-CD36 (termed 32-106) effectively inhibited maternal antibody binding and was therefore selected. Using the same approach of deg-anti-CD36, the administration of deg-32-106 significantly reduced fetal death (2.17%). Furthermore, immunized Cd36-/- mothers showed placenta deficiency. Accordingly, maternal anti-CD36 antibodies inhibited angiogenesis of placenta endothelial cells, which could be restored by deg-32-106. In summary, maternal anti-CD36 antibodies caused a high frequency of fetal death in our animal model, associated with placental dysfunction. This deleterious effect could be diminished by the antenatal administration of IVIG and deg-mAb 32-106. Interestingly, treatment with deg-32-106 appears more beneficial considering the lower dose, later start of treatment, and therapy success.

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Authors: Xiuzhang Xu, Dawei Chen, Xin Ye, Wenjie Xia, Yaori Xu, Yangkai Chen, Yuan Shao, Jing Deng, Haoqiang Ding, Jing Liu, Jiali Wang, Heyu Ni, Yongshui Fu, Sentot Santoso


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