A complete hydatidiform mole (CHM) is a conceptus with only sperm-derived chromosomes. Here, we report on a CHM with genomic DNA identical to that of the paternal somatic cells. The CHM developed in a woman who had undergone intrauterine implantation of a blastocyst obtained through in vitro injection of a presumed round spermatid into one of her oocytes. The CHM was genetically identical to peripheral white cells of her husband and contained no maternally derived nuclear DNA. We hypothesize that a spermatogonium, rather than a round spermatid, was inadvertently selected for the procedure. The CHM developed into a gestational trophoblastic neoplasia, which resolved after chemotherapy. (Funded by the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science.).
Authors: Hirokazu Usui, Makio Shozu