Skewed peripheral B- and T-cell compartments in patients with ANCA-associated vasculitis.

To characterize lymphocytes dysregulation in patients with granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA) and microscopic polyangiitis (MPA).Using flow cytometry, we analysed B- and T-cell subsets in peripheral blood from 37 untreated patients with active disease (29 GPA and 8 MPA) and 22 healthy controls (HCs).GPA patients had increased Th2 (1.8 vs 1.0%, P = 0.02), Th9 (1.1 vs 0.2%, P = 0.0007) and Th17 (1.4 vs 0.9%, P = 0.03) cells compared with HC. Patients with MPO-ANCAs had significantly more CD21- B cells than HC or PR3-ANCA patients (6.9 vs 3.3% and 4.4%, P = 0.01). CD69 expressing B cells were significantly higher in GPA and MPA (3.0 and 5.9 vs 1.4%, P = 0.02 and P = 0.03, respectively) compared with HC, whereas B-cell activating factor-receptor expression was decreased in GPA and MPA (median fluorescence intensity ratio 11.8 and 13.7 vs 45.1 in HC, P 

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