Screening for genetic mutations in patients with neuropathy without definite etiology is useful.

To determine the clinical usefulness of systemic genetic testing in neuropathies without definite etiology.We systematically performed genetic testing in all patients with neuropathy who did not have a definite etiology, seen at our neuromuscular clinic between 2017 and 2020. The testing consisted of an inherited neuropathy panel (72-81 genes), which used next-generation sequencing technology.We screened 200 patients. Pathogenic mutations were found in 30 (15%). PMP22, TTR and GJB1, accounted for 83.3% of positive mutations. The management was altered in four patients (2%). Two patients were found to have hereditary transthyretin amyloidosis and were started on TTR gene silencers. Two patients were being treated for demyelinating autoimmune neuropathy and were diagnosed with CMT1A and CMTX.Screening for genetic mutations in patients with neuropathy without a definite etiology is useful. While only a minority of patients with unsuspected inherited neuropathy tested positive, the findings altered management in some, improving morbidity and, perhaps, mortality.

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