SALIVARY GLANDS INVOLVEMENT: A NEW INDICATOR OF JUVENILE IDIOPATHIC OLIGOARTICULAR ARTHRITIS (Preliminary results).

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Early diagnosis is critical to reduce long-term disability in patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) by ensuring prompt treatment. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to evaluate the salivary gland function in JIA, addressing specifically oligoarticular (JIA1) and polyarticular (JIA2) subtypes, compared with healthy controls. This may contribute to the identification of salivary risk indicators of the disease that may help diagnosis at an early stage or even before the onset of other clinical evidences.Twenty-eight patients with JIA1, 28 patients with JIA2, according to the International League of Associations for Rheumatology criteria, and 28 healthy controls (C) were included in the study. Exclusion criteria were any concurrent medical condition. Data on medication, dietary and oral hygiene habits were collected using a questionnaire. All patients underwent oral examination and saliva measurement.: While stimulated salivary flow rate (SFR) was significantly lower in JIA1 compared with JIA2 and C (p 


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