Root Joint Involvement in Spondyloarthritis: A Post-hoc Analysis from the International ASAS-PerSpA Study.

Primary objective was to compare the clinical characteristics of spondyloarthritis (SpA) patients with and without root joint disease (RJD+ and RJD-). Secondary objectives were to compare the prevalence of RJD across various SpA subtypes and in different world regions, to compare the SpA axial severity and SpA burden between RJD+ and RJD-.This is a post-hoc analysis of the ASAS-PerSpA study (PERipheral involvement in SpondyloArthritis), which included 4,465 patients with SpA (axial (axSpA), peripheral (pSpA), psoriatic (PsA), inflammatory bowel disease, reactive and juvenile) according to the rheumatologist's diagnosis. RJD was defined as the "ever" presence of hip or shoulder involvement related to SpA, according to the rheumatologist. The patient's characteristics were compared between RJD+ and RJD-. Multivariable stepwise binary logistic regression analyses were conducted to identify factors associated with "RJD", "hip" and "shoulder" involvement.RJD was significantly associated with the SpA main diagnosis (highest in pSpA), a higher prevalence of HLA-B27 positivity, enthesitis, tender and swollen joints, CRP, cs-DMARDs, loss of lumbar lordosis and occiput-wall distance > 0. RJD was more prevalent in Asia, and occurred in 1,503 patients (33.7%), with more hip (24.2%) than shoulder (13.2%) involvement. Hip involvement had a distinct phenotype, similar to axSpA (including younger age at onset, HLA-B27 positivity), whereas shoulder involvement was associated with features of pSpA (including older age at onset).RJD+ SpA patients had a distinctive clinical phenotype compared with RJD-. Hip involvement, based on the rheumatologist's diagnosis, was more prevalent than shoulder involvement and was clinically distinct.

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Authors: Nelly Ziadé, Jean El Hajj, Joe Rassi, Sani Hlais, Clementina Lopez-Medina, Sherif M Gamal, Bassel Elzorkany, Maxime Dougados, Xenofon Baraliakos