Optimising the conduct of clinical trials for diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma involves use of consistent, objective disease assessments and standardised response criteria. The Response Assessment in Pediatric Neuro-Oncology working group, consisting of an international panel of paediatric and adult neuro-oncologists, clinicians, radiologists, radiation oncologists, and neurosurgeons, was established to address issues and unique challenges in assessing response in children with CNS tumours. A working group was formed specifically to address response assessment in children and young adults with diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma and to develop a consensus on recommendations for response assessment. Response should be assessed using MRI of brain and spine, neurological examination, and anti-inflammatory or antiangiogenic drugs. Clinical imaging standards are defined. As with previous consensus recommendations, these recommendations will need to be validated in prospective clinical trials.