Racial and Ethnic disparities in Melanoma Awareness: A Cross-Sectional Survey.

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Hispanics are among the fastest growing population in the U.S., and are predicted to account for one third of the nation by 2060. Although melanoma is more common among Caucasians, Hispanics are at greater risk of late-stage diagnosis, increased tumor thickness, and poorer survival.To better understand public awareness of melanoma and evaluate change over the last 21 years, particularly among high-risk minority populations.A cross-sectional survey collecting information on knowledge and awareness of melanoma was conducted on 285 participants from May-November 2017.Approximately 39% of participants were unaware of melanoma. Sixty-five percent successfully identified early signs of disease. Approximately 86% of Fitzpatrick Skin Types (FST) I-II identified melanoma as a cancer, compared to 46.3% of FST III-IV and 57.6% of FST V-VI. Hispanics were less likely to know what melanoma was compared to Caucasians (OR 0.27 (0.65, 0.11), p=.0037). U.S. natives (OR 2.38 (5.56, 1.04), p=.0403) and patients with any college education (OR 2.86 (5.26, 1.54), p=.0007) were more likely to know the meaning of melanoma.Caucasians and those with any college education were more likely to know the meaning of melanoma. Minorities would benefit from educational programs geared towards early detection.

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