Prognostic Impact of Redo Transcatheter Mitral Valve Repair for Recurrent Mitral Regurgitation.

There is little known about the prognostic impact of a redo transcatheter mitral valve repair (TMVR) for residual or recurrent mitral regurgitation (MR). From January 2011 to March 2019, we identified 43 consecutive patients who underwent a redo TMVR procedure with the MitraClip system. A control cohort was treated medically for MR ≥2+ after the first TMVR and was propensity score 1:1 matched using age, gender, MR severity, trans-mitral pressure gradient, and etiology of MR. To investigate the association of redo TMVR with 1-year mortality, we fitted a Cox proportional hazard model. The technical success rate of redo TMVR was 95%. A reduction in MR to ≤2+ was achieved in 79% of patients, with a significant decline of tricuspid regurgitation pressure gradient and improvement of the New York Heart Association class. After matching was performed, 43 well-matched pairs of patients were analyzed. Redo TMVR patients showed lower 1-year mortality (10.5% vs 37.6%, p = 0.01) compared with the control patients. Redo TMVR was associated with better survival (hazard ratio [HR] 0.26, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.08 to 0.79, p = 0.02) and lower risk of the composite end point (mortality and rehospitalization due to HF: HR 0.34, 95% CI 0.15 to 0.78; p = 0.01) at 1-year follow-up. The association with the primary end point remained significant after accounting for the New York Heart Association class III/IV, TR ≥severe, the type of MR (i.e., recurrent or residual MR), or the type of previous implanted TMVR device. In conclusion, redo TMVR in selected patients with residual or recurrent MR may be associated with lower 1-year mortality than medical therapy alone.

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