This study aimed to evaluate the association between abdominal fat distribution (AFD) and coronary artery disease (CAD) complexities using the computed tomography (CT)-derived SYNTAX score (CT-SXscore). Coronary computed tomographic angiography (CCTA) was performed in patients with suspected CAD. Plain abdominal CT was performed to measure visceral adipose tissue (VAT) and subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) areas. To assess AFD, VAT/SAT (V/S) ratios were calculated. The CT-SXscore was calculated in patients with significant stenoses assessed by CCTA. Of 942 enrolled patients, 310 (32.9%) had 1 or more significant stenoses. The CT-SXscore showed a positive correlation with the V/S ratio (r = 0.33, p < 0.001). In the multivariate regression analysis, the V/S ratio was the only independent predictor for CAD severity based on the CT-SXscore (β = 0.25; t = 4.14; p < 0.001), even though the absolute SAT and VAT areas showed no relationship to the CT-SXscore. Regarding the 4 CAD-patient groups divided according to their median VAT and SAT areas, the CT-SXscore was significantly higher for the high VAT/low SAT group than for any other group (19.6 ± 11.5 vs 13.3 ± 9.6 in the low VAT/low SAT, 10.1 ± 8.5 in the low VAT/high SAT, and 12.2 ± 8.7 in the high VAT/high SAT groups; p < 0.001 for all). In conclusion, it was found that the V/S ratio is a useful index for predicting CAD severity and that AFD may be a more important risk factor for CAD than the absolute amount of each abdominal fat.
Kyuhachi Otagiri, Keisuke Machida, Tadashi Itagaki, Takahiro Takeuchi, Yusuke Tsujinaka, Hisanori Yui, Chie Nakamura, Takahiro Sakai, Tamon Kato, Tatsuya Saigusa, Soichiro Ebisawa, Hirohiko Motoki, Koichiro Kuwahara, Hiroshi Kitabayashi