Dermatology has a very distinctive lexicon. The term pityriasis refers to several dermatologic conditions which all feature scaling of the skin. According to the Merriam-Webster dictionary, the term pityriasis was first used in print in 1684. Although the diseases beginning with the name pityriasis are of diverse causation, they do represent important dermatologic diseases, with some common and others quite rare. It is important for dermatologists to be aware and updated on all pityriasis conditions in dermatology.