Patients' Perceptions of Functional Improvement in Psychotherapy for Mood Disorders.

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This study aimed to examine participants' experiences of interpersonal and social rhythm therapy, with or without cognitive remediation, and the impact of this intervention on their functioning.This qualitative study drew data from follow-up interviews of 20 participants who completed the 12-month intervention as part of a randomized controlled trial. The qualitative data were collected through semistructured interviews and were analyzed with thematic analysis.The 20 participants (11 men, 9 women, ages 22-55, median age=32) reported that interpersonal and social rhythm therapy (content and process) as an adjunct to medication, alone or in combination with cognitive remediation, was effective in improving their functioning. They described these improvements as facilitated by a new sense of control and confidence, ability to focus, new communication and problem-solving skills, and better daily routines.Participants with recurrent mood disorders described improved functioning related to therapies that formulate their mood disorder in terms of a model, such as interpersonal and social rhythm therapy with or without cognitive remediation, that provides an understandable and evidence-based rationale, facilitates a sense of control and confidence by supporting the person in undertaking practical routines that can be integrated into daily life, focuses on communication and problem-solving skills, and engenders a sense of hope by working with the person to develop self-management strategies relevant to their specific symptom experiences and the life they choose to live.


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