Dermatomyositis (DM)-related acute/subacute interstitial lung disease (A/S-ILD) remains a big therapeutic challenge due to its insidious onset and rapid development. In the present study, we aimed to investigate the association between clinical features of DM and ILD.We retrospectively assessed skin manifestations, muscle damage, laboratory tests, concurrent ILD and malignancy in 207 patients with DM and analyzed the high-risk factors for ILD.In the 207 DM patients, 153 patients had ILD, in which 131 had chronic ILD (CILD) and 22 had A/S-ILD. The proportions of mechanic's hands, palmar papules and muscle weakness, as well as anti-melanoma differentiation-associated gene 5 (MDA5) antibody and lactic dehydrogenase (LDH), alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and ferritin in the ILD group were significantly higher compared with the non-ILD group. The onset age over 56 years, mechanic's hands and muscle weakness were independent predictive factors for ILD. The proportions of palmar papules, palmar erythema, anti-MDA5 antibody, ALT, aspartate aminotransferase (AST), LDH and erythrocyte sedimentation rate in the A/S-ILD group were higher compared with the CILD group. Palmar erythema and palmar papules were independent predictive factors for A/S-ILD. Palmar papules were positively correlated with anti-MDA5 antibody.The onset age over 56 years, mechanic's hands or muscle weakness predicted the incidence of DM-related ILD, while palmar erythema or palmar papules could predict potential DM-related A/S-ILD.
Jinghao Lu, Chaofan Liu, Xing Zhou, Jiaxuan Tang, Shiying Liu, Min Tang, Ming Li, Lubing Zhu