Outcomes of Blacks versus Whites with Cardiomyopathy.

Racial disparities in health outcomes have been widely documented in medicine, including in cardiovascular care. While some progress has been made, these disparities have continued to plague our healthcare system. Patients with cardiomyopathy are at an increased risk of death and cardiovascular hospitalizations. In the present analysis, we examined the baseline characteristics and outcomes of black and white men and women with cardiomyopathy. All patients with cardiomyopathy (left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) < 50%) cared for at University of Pittsburgh Medical Center (UPMC) between 2011 and 2017 were included in this analysis. Patients were stratified by race, and outcomes were compared between Black and White patients using Cox proportional hazard models. Of a total of 18,003 cardiomyopathy patients, 15,804 were white (88%), 1,824 were black (10%) and 375 identified as other (2%). Over a median follow-up time of 3.4 years, 7,899 patients died. Black patients were on average a decade younger (p<0.001) and demonstrated lower unadjusted all-cause mortality (hazard ratio [HR]: 0.83%; 95% CI 0.77-0.90; p

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Authors: Shazli Khan, Suresh Mulukutla, Floyd Thoma, Aditya Bhonsale, Krishna Kancharla, N A Mark Estes, Sandeep K Jain, Samir Saba