Mycophenolate mofetil as adjunctive therapy to corticosteroids for the treatment of pyoderma gangrenosum: a case series and literature review.

Pyoderma gangrenosum is a rare neutrophilic dermatosis that is commonly treated with systemic corticosteroids; however, their potent side effects may warrant tapering, and non-steroidal systemic immunosuppressants may help maintain or bolster disease clearance during weaning. Although cyclosporine is regarded as a favorable corticosteroid-sparing agent, it is associated with several side effects, such as renal toxicity and hypertension, that may limit its feasibility. Mycophenolate mofetil is a well-tolerated alternative with limited data. Institutional review board approval was obtained to review patients from a single institution who received mycophenolate mofetil for pyoderma gangrenosum between January 1, 2010, and December 31, 2019. A systematic MEDLINE (PubMed) review was performed of articles containing linked keywords: "mycophenolate mofetil" and "pyoderma gangrenosum". Patient demographics, presentation details, and treatment regimen characteristics were recorded. Fourteen of our pyoderma gangrenosum patients were treated with mycophenolate mofetil concomitantly with prednisone. Ninety-three percent of our patients achieved improvement within 12 months (mean 4.5 months), including five patients who experienced complete healing. Outcomes in literature patients were comparable; 77% either improved or maintained clearance with mycophenolate mofetil. Greater than 80% of total patients experienced healing or adequate disease control at a median dose of 2000 mg daily. The most common side effects of mycophenolate mofetil were myelosuppression and gastrointestinal upset, which were both seen in 18% of patients. Although this study is subject to publication bias, mycophenolate mofetil appears to be an efficacious and well-tolerated adjunctive therapy option for pyoderma gangrenosum.

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Authors: Matthew L Hrin, Arjun M Bashyam, William W Huang, Steven R Feldman