Magnetic sphincter augmentation versus fundoplication for gastroesophageal reflux disease: pros and cons.

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The purpose of this magnetic sphincter augmentation (MSA) year in review article is to provide a clear understanding for the current state of MSA literature in 2019, and contrast MSA outcomes with traditional fundoplication.Continued work was performed in 2019 to expand patient populations eligible for MSA including those with hiatal hernia, post-bariatric patients, patients necessitating a thoracic approach, and patients with esophageal intestinal metaplasia. Additionally, a large systematic review reinforced earlier findings comparing laparoscopic fundoplication to MSA. This study demonstrated equivalency over many different operative outcomes, with MSA patients having less bloating while also retaining the ability to belch and vomit. Furthermore, independent research teams found a modest cost savings for MSA over laparoscopic fundoplication with budget analysis.MSA is a safe and efficacious procedure originally approved for patients with medically refractory, uncomplicated gastroesophageal reflux disease. The accumulating body of evidence suggests patients with intestinal metaplasia or hiatal hernias can safely and effectively undergo MSA, whereas further research will be required before MSA is widely used for post-bariatric patients or for patients requiring a transthoracic surgical approach. MSA is equivalent or superior to laparoscopic fundoplication in all surgical outcomes measured thus far.


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