Lower Daily Carbohydrate Intake Is Associated With Improved Glycemic Control in Adults With Type 1 Diabetes Using a Hybrid Closed-Loop System.

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To assess the association between daily carbohydrate (CHO) intake and glycemic control in adult hybrid closed-loop (HCL) users with type 1 diabetes (T1D).Mean individual daily CHO intake (MIDC) and relative deviation from MIDC (≤80% low; 81-120% medium, >120% high CHO consumption) were compared with parameters of glycemic control assessed by continuous glucose monitoring.Records from 36 patients (26 male, 10 female; age 36.9 ± 13.5 years; HbA1c 7.1 ± 0.9% [54 ± 10 mmol/mol]) provided 810 days of data (22.5 ± 6.7 days per patient). Time in range (70-180 mg/dL) for low, medium, and high CHO consumption was 77.4 ± 15.4%, 75.2 ± 16.7%, and 70.4 ± 17.8%, respectively (P < 0.001). Time above range (>180 mg/dL) was 20.1 ± 14.7%, 22.0 ± 16.9%, and 27.2 ± 18.4%, respectively (P < 0.001). There was no between-group difference for time in hypoglycemia (<70 mg/dL; P = 0.50).Daily CHO intake was inversely associated with glycemic control in adults with T1D using an HCL system. Lower CHO intake may be a strategy to optimize glucose control in HCL users.


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