We report the open-label extension (OLE) of the GO-AHEAD study evaluating the long-term efficacy and safety of golimumab (GLM) in patients with non-radiographic axial spondyloarthritis (nr-axSpA).Patients (both GLM- and placebo [PBO]-treated in the double-blind phase) received GLM 50 mg every 4 weeks during the OLE (36-week treatment; additional 8-week safety follow-up; GLM/GLM and PBO/GLM groups). All patients who entered and received ≥1 dose of study treatment in the OLE were included in the efficacy and safety analyses. The primary efficacy evaluations were the proportions of patients achieving 20% and 40% improvement in the ASAS criteria (ASAS20 and ASAS40, respectively). Responders analyses were calculated using a non-responder imputation approach.Of 198 patients randomised, 189/198 (95.5%) entered the OLE; 174/198 patients (87.9%) completed all visits. Although the proportion of responders increased from weeks 16-52 in OLE in both GLM/GLM and PBO/GLM groups, the GLM/GLM group had a higher proportion of responders than the PBO/GLM group throughout the OLE from weeks 16-52 (ASAS20: 71.1% to 83.9% vs 40.0% to 75.0%, respectively; ASAS40: 56.7% to 76.3% vs 23.0% to 59.4%, respectively; ASAS partial remission: 33.0% to 53.8% and 18.0% to 45.8%). In the OLE, the overall incidence of AEs was lower in the GLM/GLM vs PBO/GLM groups (41.9% and 54.2%).Sustained improvement in clinical efficacy was observed at 52 weeks in patients with nr-axSpA following GLM treatment. GLM was well tolerated and provided substantial long-term benefits to patients with nr-axSpA. (NCT01453725; registered on: October 18, 2011).
Désirée van der Heijde, Maxime Dougados, Walter P Maksymowych, Gina Bergman, Sean P Curtis, Anjela Tzontcheva, Susan Huyck, George Philip, Joachim Sieper