Investigating the 1-year decline in midbrain-to-pons ratio in the differential diagnosis of PSP and IPD.

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A reliable measure of PSP-specific midbrain atrophy, the midbrain-to-pons ratio (MTPR) has been reported to support the differential diagnosis of progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) from idiopathic Parkinson's disease (IPD). Since longitudinal analyses are lacking so far, the present study aimed to evaluate the diagnostic value of the relative change of MTPR (relΔt_MTPR) over a 1-year period in patients with PSP, IPD, and healthy controls (HC).Midsagittal individual MRIs of patients with PSP (n = 15), IPD (n = 15), and healthy controls (HC; n = 15) were assessed and the MTPR at baseline and after 1 year were defined. The diagnostic accuracy of the MTPR and its relative change were evaluated using ROC curve analyses.PSP-patients had a significantly lower MTPR at baseline (M = 0.45 ± 0.06), compared to both non-PSP groups (F (2, 41) = 62.82, p 

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