Complete revascularization (CR) at the time of coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery improves long-term cardiac outcomes. No studies have previously reported angiographically confirmed CR rates post-CABG. This study's aim was to assess the impact upon long-term outcomes of CR versus incomplete revascularization (IR), confirmed by coronary angiography 1 year after CABG. Randomized On/Off Bypass Study patients who returned for protocol-specified 1-year post-CABG coronary angiograms were included. Patients with a widely patent graft supplying the major diseased artery within each diseased coronary territory were considered to have CR. Outcomes were all-cause mortality and major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE; all-cause mortality, nonfatal myocardial infarction, repeat revascularization) over the 4 years after angiography. Of the 1,276 patients, 756 (59%) had CR and 520 (41%) had IR. MACE was 13% CR versus 26% IR, p <0.001. This difference was driven by fewer repeat revascularizations (5% CR vs 18% IR; p <0.001). There were no differences in mortality (7.1% CR vs 8.1% IR, p = 0.13) or myocardial infarction (4% in both). Adjusted multivariable models confirmed CR was associated with reduced MACE (odds ratio 0.44, 95% confidence interval 0.33 to 0.58, p <0.01), but had no impact on mortality. In conclusion, CR confirmed by post-CABG angiography was associated with improved MACE but not mortality. Repeat revascularization of patients with IR, driven by knowledge of the research angiography results, may have ameliorated potential mortality differences.