Chronic kidney disease (CKD) in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is associated with worse outcomes. We assessed the impact of CKD on guideline directed coronary revascularization and outcomes among STEMI patients. The Nationwide Inpatient Sample dataset from 2012-2014 was used to identify patients with STEMI using International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification codes. Patients were categorized as non-CKD, CKD without dialysis, and CKD with dialysis (CKD-HD). Outcomes were revascularization, death and acute renal failure requiring dialysis (ARFD). A total of 534,845 were included (88.9% non-CKD; 9.6% CKD without dialysis, and 1.5% CKD-HD). PCI was performed in 77.4% non-CKD, 56.2% CKD without dialysis, and 48% CKD-HD patients (p < 0.0001). In-hospital mortality and ARFD were significantly higher in CKD patients (16.5% and 40.6%) compared with non-CKD patients (7.12% and 7.17%) (p < 0.0001). In-hospital mortality was significantly lower in patients treated revascularization compared with patients treated medically (non-CKD: adjusted odds ratio (aOR) 0.280, p < 0.0001; CKD without dialysis: aOR 0.39, p < 0.0001; CKD-HD: aOR 0.48, p < 0.0001). CKD was associated with higher length of hospital stay and cost (5.86 ± 13.97, 7.57 ± 26.06 and 3.99 ± 11.09 days; p < 0.0001; $25,696 ± $63,024, $35,666 ± $104,940 and $23,264 ± $49,712; p < 0.0001 in non-CKD, CKD without dialysis and CKD-HD patients respectively). In conclusion, CKD patients with STEMI receive significantly less PCI compared with patients without CKD. Coronary revascularization for STEMI in CKD patients was associated with lower mortality compared to medical management. The presence of CKD in patients with STEMI is associated with higher mortality and ARFD, prolonged hospital stay and higher hospital cost.
Hemang B Panchal, Shimin Zheng, Kalpit Devani, Christopher J White, Edward F Leinaar, Debabrata Mukherjee, Mamas Mamas, Subhash Banerjee, Deepak L Bhatt, Hani Jneid, Habib Samady, Roxana Mehran, Shahyar M Gharacholou, Timir K Paul