Obesity is rapidly increasing in prevalence, and bariatric surgery has become a popular treatment option that can improve all-cause mortality in obese individuals. Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and esophageal motility disorders are common in the obese population, and the effects of bariatric surgery on these conditions differ depending on the type of bariatric surgery performed.Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding has declined in popularity due to its contributions to worsening GERD symptoms and the development of esophageal dysmotility. Although laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) is the most popular type of bariatric surgery, a comprehensive assessment for acid reflux should be performed as LSG has been linked with worsening GERD. Novel methods to address GERD due to LSG include magnetic sphincter augmentation and concomitant fundoplication. Due to the decreased incidence of postoperative GERD and dysmotility compared to other types of bariatric surgeries, Roux-en-Y gastric bypass should be considered for obese patients with GERD and esophageal dysmotility.Bariatric surgery can affect esophageal motility and contribute to worsening or development of GERD. A thorough workup of gastrointestinal symptoms before bariatric surgery should be performed with consideration for formal testing with high-resolution manometry and pH testing. Based on these results, the choice of bariatric surgery technique should be tailored accordingly to improve clinical outcomes.
Anh D Nguyen