High-sensitivity cardiac troponin-T (hs-cTnT) and N-terminal prohormone of B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), biomarkers of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and heart failure, respectively, have not been widely studied in type 1 diabetes (T1D). We evaluated whether their assessment in T1D enhances the prediction of CVD and major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE).hs-cTnT and NT-proBNP were analyzed on the Roche Cobas E601 using the first available stored specimen (n = 581; mean age, 29 years; duration, 21 years). CVD was defined as CVD death, myocardial infarction, coronary revascularization, angina, ischemia, or stroke, and MACE as CVD death, myocardial infarction, or stroke.Median hs-cTnT (5.0 ng/L; interquartile range <3.0, 10.0) was higher among men (P < 0.0001), whereas median NT-proBNP (22.0 ng/L; 7.0, 61.0) did not differ by sex. In Cox models, log hs-cTnT (hazard ratio [HR] 1.38, P = 0.0006) and log NT-proBNP (HR 1.24, P = 0.0001) independently predicted CVD during 21 years of follow-up. However, their addition to models, singly or together, did not significantly improve CVD prediction. Furthermore, a marginally significant sex interaction was observed (P = 0.06), indicating that the hs-cTnT prediction was limited to men. hs-cTnT and NT-proBNP also predicted MACE, although only NT-proBNP remained significant (HR 1.27, P = 0.0009) when the biomarkers were included in a model simultaneously. Nonetheless, their addition to multivariable models did not enhance MACE prediction.Sex differences were observed in the concentration and predictive ability of hs-cTnT and NT-proBNP in T1D. Overall, their addition to traditional risk factor models increased the area under the curve for neither CVD nor MACE.