Frequency of Interruptions to Sitting Time: Benefits for Postprandial Metabolism in Type 2 Diabetes.

To determine whether interrupting sitting with brief bouts of simple resistance activities (SRAs) at different frequencies improves postprandial glucose, insulin, and triglycerides in adults with medication-controlled type 2 diabetes (T2D).Participants (n = 23, 10 of whom were female, with mean ± SD age 62 ± 8 years and BMI 32.7 ± 3.5 kg · m-2) completed a three-armed randomized crossover trial (6- to 14-day washout): sitting uninterrupted for 7 h (SIT), sitting with 3-min SRAs (half squats, calf raises, gluteal contractions, and knee raises) every 30 min (SRA3), and sitting with 6-min SRAs every 60 min (SRA6). Net incremental areas under the curve (iAUCnet) for glucose, insulin, and triglycerides were compared between conditions.Glucose and insulin 7-h iAUCnet were attenuated significantly during SRA6 (glucose 17.0 mmol · h · L-1, 95% CI 12.5, 21.4; insulin 1,229 pmol · h · L-1, 95% CI 982, 1,538) in comparison with SIT (glucose 21.4 mmol · h · L-1, 95% CI 16.9, 25.8; insulin 1,411 pmol · h · L-1, 95% CI 1,128, 1,767; P < 0.05), and in comparison with SRA3 (for glucose only) (22.1 mmol · h · L-1, 95% CI 17.7, 26.6; P = 0.01) No significant differences in glucose or insulin iAUCnet were observed in comparison of SRA3 and SIT. There was no statistically significant effect of condition on triglyceride iAUCnet.In adults with medication-controlled T2D, interrupting prolonged sitting with 6-min SRAs every 60 min reduced postprandial glucose and insulin responses. Examination of other frequencies of interruptions and potential longer-term benefits are required for clarification of clinical relevance.

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Authors: Ashleigh R Homer, Frances C Taylor, Paddy C Dempsey, Michael J Wheeler, Parneet Sethi, Melanie K Townsend, Megan S Grace, Daniel J Green, Neale D Cohen, Robyn N Larsen, Bronwyn A Kingwell, Neville Owen, David W Dunstan