Feasibility of Transcatheter Closure of Secundum Atrial Septal Defect in Low Weight Infants Under 2-Year-Old from a 3-year Retrospective Cohort Study.

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We aimed to evaluate the feasibility of interventional treatment of atrial septal defect (ASD) in low weight infants under 2-year-old. Seven hundred and ninety-three secundum ASD patients were divided into 2 groups: 665 were above 2-year-old and 128 were under 2-year-old. The basic conditions before the operation, postoperative complications within 24 hours, and adverse outcomes during a three-year follow-up were compared between the 2 groups using multivariate analysis. There were significant differences in age, weight, and the diameter of the ASD between the 2 groups (p <0.001). The immediate success rate of the procedure was 96.7%. There were no significant differences in the success rate of the procedure, the incidence of residual shunt, arrhythmia, procedure-related arrhythmia, and occluder shedding between 2 groups (p >0.05). Similarly, we found no association between age ≤2-year-old and any adverse outcomes postprocedure within 24 hours, including procedure failure (OR = 0.35; 95%CI: 0.04 to 2.93), residual shunt (OR = 1.07; 95%CI: 0.54 to 2.14), arrhythmia (OR = 0.68; 95%CI: 0.32 to 1.43), or procedure-related arrhythmia (OR = 0.34; 95%CI: 0.04 to 2.87). In the follow-up data, we found no association between age ≤2-year-old and arrhythmia (HR = 0.95; 95%CI: 0.50 to 1.80) and procedure-related arrhythmia (HR = 0.96;95%CI:0.25 to 3.64). Kaplan-Meier survival curves indicated no significant difference in the occurrence of arrhythmia between the 2 groups (log-rank test: p = 0.776). In conclusion, percutaneous ASD closure in young and low weight infants has a high success and low complication rate, along with reliable effects.

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