Establishing reference ranges for ambulatory electrocardiography parameters: meta-analysis.

Like Comment
Despite the widespread and increasing use of ambulatory electrocardiography (ECG), there is no consensus on reference ranges for ambulatory electrocardiogram parameters to guide interpretation. We sought to determine population distribution-based reference ranges for parameters measured during ambulatory electrocardiogram in healthy adults, based on existing literature.We searched multiple databases from 1950 to 2020. Articles reporting original data from ≥24-hour ambulatory electrocardiogram monitoring in healthy adults were included. Data extraction and synthesis were performed according to Meta-analysis of Observational Studies in Epidemiology guidelines. The prevalence/mean and SD for common parameters (sinus pauses, conduction abnormalities and ectopy) were extracted by age group (18-39, 40-59, 60-79 and 80+ years).We identified 33 studies involving 6466 patients. Sinus pauses of >3 s were rare (pooled prevalence <1%) across all ages. Supraventricular ectopy of >1000/24 hours increased with age, from 0% (95% CI 0% to 0%) in those aged 18-39 years to 6% (95% CI 0% to 17%) in those aged 60-79 years. Episodes of supraventricular tachycardia increased from 3% (95% CI 1% to 6%) in those aged 18-39 years to 28% (95% CI 9% to 52%) in those aged 60-79 years. Ventricular ectopy of >1000/24 hours also increased with age, from 1% (95% CI 0% to 2%) in those aged 18-39 years to 5% (95% CI 1% to 10%) in those aged 60-79 years. Episodes of non-sustained ventricular tachycardia ranged from 0% (95% CI 0% to 1%) in those aged 18-39 years to 2% (95% CI 0% to 5%) in those aged 60-79 years.Despite the limitations of existing published data, this meta-analysis provides evidence-based reference ranges for ambulatory electrocardiogram parameters and highlights significant age-dependent differences that should be taken into account during interpretation.


Get PDF with LibKey


View the article @ Heart (British Cardiac Society) (sign-in may be required)

ClinOwl

The wider, wiser view for healthcare professionals. ClinOwl signposts the latest clinical content from over 100 leading medical journals.
2947 Contributions
1 Followers
0 Following

No comments yet.