Direct admission versus secondary transfer for acute ischemic stroke patients treated with thrombectomy: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

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Randomized controlled trials have demonstrated that mechanical thrombectomy (MT) could provide more benefit than standard medical care for acute ischemic stroke (AIS) patients due to emergent large vessel occlusion. However, most primary stroke centers (PSCs) are unable to perform MT, and MT can only be performed in comprehensive stroke centers (CSCs) with on-site interventional neuroradiologic services. Therefore, there is an ongoing debate regarding whether patients with suspected AIS should be directly admitted to CSCs or secondarily transferred to CSCs from PSCs. This meta-analysis was aimed to investigate the two transportation paradigms of direct admission and secondary transfer, which one could provide more benefit for AIS patients treated with MT.We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis through searching PubMed, Embase and the Cochrane Library database up to March 2020. Primary outcomes are as follows: symptomatic intracerebral hemorrhage (sICH) within 7 days; favorable functional outcome at 3 months; mortality in hospital; mortality at 3 months; and successful recanalization rate.Our pooled results showed that patients directly admitted to CSCs had higher chances of achieving a favorable functional outcome at 3 months than those secondarily transferred to CSCs (OR = 1.26; 95% CI, 1.12-1.42; P 


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