Expressed emotion (EE) is a highly researched psychosocial construct. Cultural research challenges the assumption that high family criticism is a universal determinant of poor outcome, especially for chronic illness. The concept of warmth, an original component of EE, was dropped owing to the complexity of its measurement. Warmth has now been resurrected as an important predictor of good patient outcome. Cultural scrutiny and appropriate adaptation of any psychosocial construct is necessary before its acceptance into the medical lexicon of healthcare.