The rapid endothelialization of bare metal stents (BMS) is counterbalanced by inflammation-induced neointimal growth. Drug-eluting stents (DES) prevent leukocyte activation but impair endothelialization, delaying effective device integration into arterial walls. Previously, we have shown that engaging the vascular CD31 co-receptor is crucial for endothelial and leukocyte homeostasis and arterial healing. Furthermore, we have shown that a soluble synthetic peptide (known as P8RI) acts like a CD31 agonist. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of CD31-mimetic metal stent coating on the in vitro adherence of endothelial cells (ECs) and blood elements and the in vivo strut coverage and neointimal growth.We produced Cobalt Chromium discs and stents coated with a CD31-mimetic peptide through two procedures, plasma amination or dip-coating, both yielding comparable results. We found that CD31-mimetic discs significantly reduced the extent of primary human coronary artery EC and blood platelet/leukocyte activation in vitro. In vivo, CD31-mimetic stent properties were compared with those of DES and BMS by coronarography and microscopy at 7 and 28 days post-implantation in pig coronary arteries (n = 9 stents/group/timepoint). Seven days post-implantation, only CD31-mimetic struts were fully endothelialized with no activated platelets/leukocytes. At day 28, neointima development over CD31-mimetic stents was significantly reduced compared to BMS, appearing as a normal arterial media with the absence of thrombosis contrary to DES.CD31-mimetic coating favours vascular homeostasis and arterial wall healing, preventing in-stent stenosis and thrombosis. Hence, such coatings seem to improve the metal stent biocompatibility.
Sergio Diaz-Rodriguez, Charlotte Rasser, Jules Mesnier, Pascale Chevallier, Romain Gallet, Christine Choqueux, Guillaume Even, Neila Sayah, Frédéric Chaubet, Antonino Nicoletti, Bijan Ghaleh, Laurent J Feldman, Diego Mantovani, Giuseppina Caligiuri