Copeptin is increased by nausea and vomiting during hypertonic saline infusion in healthy individuals.

Measurement of hypertonic saline-stimulated copeptin has recently been described for the differentiation of polyuria-polydipsia syndrome. This study aims to determine the copeptin response to intravenous 3% hypertonic saline, including evaluation of adverse effects, in a local cohort of healthy adults >18 years in Australia.Prospective clinical study.Twenty healthy volunteers (10 males and 10 females) were recruited. Participants underwent infusion of 3% hypertonic saline via a previously described standardised protocol, until the plasma sodium was ≥150 mmol/L, with measurement of plasma copeptin.Mean peak sodium was 152 mmol/L ± SD 1.4 with osmolality 315 mmol/kg ± SD 3.9. Median volume of hypertonic saline infused to reach target sodium ≥150 mmol/L was 1536 mL (IQR 1362, 1992). Mean rate of plasma sodium rise was 5.9 mmol/L/hour ± SD 1.5. Hypertonic saline-stimulated copeptin had non-parametrical distribution with median of 33.8 pmol/L (IQR 27.6, 63.6). Overall median symptom burden was 6/10 (range 3/10-9/10). Copeptin was significantly higher for those who experienced nausea and/or vomiting (n=13) (median 39.0 pmol/L; IQR 32.5, 90), compared to those participants who did not experience either (median 20.0 pmol/L; IQR 13.0, 31.0) (p = 0.003). There were no serious adverse events.Hypertonic saline-stimulated copeptin measurements were similar in our population compared to previously reported reference intervals in healthy volunteers. There is a wide range of stimulated copeptin measurements in the healthy population. Nausea and vomiting are common adverse effects which enhance the copeptin response.


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