Comparison of the retinal vascular network and structure in patients with optic neuritis associated with myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein or aquaporin-4 antibodies: an optical coherence tomography angiography study.

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To compare the retinal vascular network and structure of optic neuritis associated with myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein antibodies (MOG-ON) or aquaporin-4 antibodies (AQP4-ON).Nineteen patients with MOG-ON (29 eyes), 24 patients with AQP4-ON (43 eyes), and 25 healthy participants (50 eyes) were enrolled. The best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), mean deviation (MD), retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thickness, parafoveal ganglion cell and inner plexiform layer (GCIPL) thickness, and vessel densities in the peripapillary and parafoveal areas were measured.The BCVA, RNFL thickness, GCIPL thickness, and vessel densities in the peripapillary and parafoveal areas were significantly decreased in the AQP4-ON and MOG-ON eyes compared with healthy controls (all P  0.05). However, the BCVA was significantly worse in AQP4-ON eyes than in MOG-ON eyes (P = 0.001). The peripapillary vessel density was significantly correlated with the BCVA and MD in AQP4-ON eyes and with MD in MOG-ON eyes (all P 


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Authors: Jian Yu, Yongheng Huang, Lei Zhou, Jingzi ZhangBao, Yuan Zong, Chao Quan, Min Wang

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