Cold-induced dishabituation in rodents exposed to recurrent hypoglycaemia.

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Recurrent hypoglycaemia in people with diabetes leads to progressive suppression of counterregulatory hormonal responses to subsequent hypoglycaemia. Recently it has been proposed that the mechanism underpinning this is a form of adaptive memory referred to as habituation. To test this hypothesis, we use two different durations of cold exposure to examine whether rodents exposed to recurrent hypoglycaemia exhibit two characteristic features of habituation, namely stimulus generalisation and dishabituation.In the first study (stimulus generalisation study), hyperinsulinaemic-hypoglycaemic (2.8 mmol/l) glucose clamps were performed in non-diabetic rodents exposed to prior moderate-duration cold (4°C for 3 h) or control conditions. In the second study (dishabituation study), rodents exposed to prior recurrent hypoglycaemia or saline (154 mmol/l NaCl) injections over 4 weeks underwent a longer-duration cold (4°C for 4.5 h) exposure followed 24 h later by a hyperinsulinaemic-hypoglycaemic (2.8 mmol/l) glucose clamp. Output measures were counterregulatory hormone responses during experimental hypoglycaemia.Moderate-duration cold exposure blunted the adrenaline (epinephrine) response (15,266 ± 1920 vs 7981 ± 1258 pmol/l, Control vs Cold; p 


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Authors: Keeran Vickneson, Jessica Blackburn, Jennifer R Gallagher, Mark L Evans, Bastiaan E de Galan, Ulrik Pedersen-Bjergaard, Bernard Thorens, Alison D McNeilly, Rory J McCrimmon

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