Clonal haematopoiesis in chronic ischaemic heart failure: prognostic role of clone size for DNMT3A- and TET2-driver gene mutations.

Somatic mutations of the epigenetic regulators DNMT3A and TET2 causing clonal expansion of haematopoietic cells (clonal haematopoiesis; CH) were shown to be associated with poor prognosis in chronic ischaemic heart failure (CHF). The aim of our analysis was to define a threshold of variant allele frequency (VAF) for the prognostic significance of CH in CHF.We analysed bone marrow and peripheral blood-derived cells from 419 patients with CHF by error-corrected amplicon sequencing. Cut-off VAFs were optimized by maximizing sensitivity plus specificity from a time-dependent receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis from censored data. 56.2% of patients were carriers of a DNMT3A- (N = 173) or a TET2- (N = 113) mutation with a VAF >0.5%, with 59 patients harbouring mutations in both genes. Survival ROC analyses revealed an optimized cut-off value of 0.73% for TET2- and 1.15% for DNMT3A-CH-driver mutations. Five-year-mortality was 18% in patients without any detected DNMT3A- or TET2 mutation (VAF 

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