Clinical significance of E148Q heterozygous variant in paediatric Familial Mediterranean Fever.

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Familial Mediterranean Fever (FMF) results from mutations in the Mediterranean fever (MEFV) gene. The p.E148Q is one of the most frequent protein alternations in the MEFV gene, yet the exact E148Q genotype-phenotype correlation remains unclear. The aim of this study was to examine clinical significance of heterozygous E148Q variant in a paediatric FMF cohort.We compared the clinical manifestations and disease severity score of four genetic sub-groups: (1) patients harboring a single heterozygous p.E148Q variant (n = 6); (2) patients harboring a single p.M694V heterozygous variant (n = 88); (3) patients harboring compound heterozygous p.M694V and p.E148Q variants (n = 36) and (4) homozygotes for p.M694V variant (n = 160).Of 646 FMF children from our centre, only 1% (6 patients) of our genetically characterized FMF cohort had a single E148Q variant, most presenting with recurrent fevers and abdominal pain. None of the participants were found to harbor homozygous E148Q. Overall, M694V/E148Q compound heterozygosity did not exhibit a more severe phenotype compared to patients with a single M694V variant. The former group were less likely to have abdominal pain and exertional leg pain (p 

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