Clinical phenotypes of IgG4-related disease reflect different prognostic outcomes.

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Four clinical phenotypes of IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD) have been recently identified by latent class analysis (LCA): pancreato-biliary (group 1); retroperitoneum/aortitis (group 2); head and neck limited (group 3); and Mikulicz/systemic (group 4). The reproducibility of this classification in clinical practice and its relevance for patient management, however, remain unknown.The study included 179 patients. Four IgG4-RD experts were asked to classify a validation cohort of 40 patients according to published LCA-derived phenotypes based on clinical judgement. Agreement between LCA and clinical clustering was calculated. To assess differences among disease phenotypes, the following variables were recorded on an additional 139 patients: serum IgG4 and IgE; inflammatory markers; eosinophils; plasmablasts; IgG4-RD responder index (RI); history of atopy, diabetes, osteoporosis, relapses and malignancy; cumulative dose of glucocorticoids; and use of rituximab.Clinical judgement replicated LCA classification with strong agreement among IgG4-RD experts (κ = 0.841, P 


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