Cardiac Stress Testing After Coronary Revascularization.

Unless prompted by symptoms or change in clinical status, the appropriate use criteria considers cardiac stress testing (CST) within two years of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and five years of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) to be rarely appropriate. Little is known regarding use and yield of CST after PCI or CABG. We studied 39,648 patients treated with coronary revascularization (29,497 PCI; 10,151 CABG) between 04/2004 and 03/2012 in Alberta, Canada. Frequency of CST between 60 days and 2 years after revascularization was determined from linked provincial databases. Yield was defined as subsequent rates of coronary angiography and revascularization after CST. Post PCI, 14,195 (48.1%) patients underwent CST between 60 days and 2 years, while post CABG, 4,469 (44.0%) patients underwent CST. Compared with patients not undergoing CST, patients undergoing CST were more likely to be of younger age, reside in an urban area, have higher neighborhood median household income, but less medical comorbidities. Among PCI patients undergoing CST, 5.2% underwent subsequent coronary angiography, and 2.6% underwent repeat revascularization within 60 days of CST. Rates of coronary angiography and repeat revascularization post-CST among CABG patients were 3.6% and 1.1%, respectively. Approximately one-half of patients undergo CST within 2 years of PCI or CABG in Alberta, Canada. Yield of CST is low, with only 1 out of 38 tested post-PCI patients and 1 out of 91 tested post-CABG patients undergoing further revascularization. In conclusion, additional research is required to determine patients most likely to benefit from CST after revascularization.

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