Carbohydrate Requirements for Prolonged, Fasted Exercise With and Without Basal Rate Reductions in Adults With Type 1 Diabetes on Continuous Subcutaneous Insulin Infusion.

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Exercising while fasted with type 1 diabetes facilitates weight loss; however, the best strategy to maintain glucose stability remains unclear.Fifteen adults on continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion completed three sessions of fasted walking (120 min at 45% VOmax) in a randomized crossover design: 50% basal rate reduction, set 90 min pre-exercise (-90min50%BRR); usual basal rate with carbohydrate intake of (0.3 g/kg/h) (CHO-only); and combined 50% basal rate reduction set at exercise onset with carbohydrate intake of 0.3 g/kg/h (Combo).Combo had a smaller change in glucose (5 ± 47 mg/dL) versus CHO-only (-49 ± 61 mg/dL, P = 0.03) or -90min50%BRR (-34 ± 45 mg/dL). The -90min50%BRR strategy produced higher β-hydroxybutyrate levels (0.4 ± 0.3 vs. 0.1 ± 0.1 mmol/L) and greater fat oxidation (0.51 ± 0.2 vs. 0.39 ± 0.1 g/min) than CHO-only (both P < 0.05).All strategies examined produced stable glycemia for fasted exercise, but a 50% basal rate reduction, set 90 min pre-exercise, eliminates carbohydrate needs and enhances fat oxidation better than carbohydrate feeding with or without a basal rate reduction set at exercise onset.

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