Antagonism of proNGF or its receptor p75NTR reverses remodelling and improves bladder function in a mouse model of diabetic voiding dysfunction.

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Although 80% of diabetic patients will suffer from voiding difficulties and urinary symptoms, defined as diabetic voiding dysfunction (DVD), therapeutic targets and treatment options are limited. We hypothesise that the blockade of the pro-nerve growth factor (NGF)/p75 neurotrophin receptor (p75NTR) axis by an anti-proNGF monoclonal antibody or by a small molecule p75NTR antagonist (THX-B) can restore bladder remodelling (represented by bladder weight) in an animal model of DVD. Secondary outcomes of the study include improvements in bladder compliance, contractility and morphology, as well as in voiding behaviour, proNGF/NGF balance and TNF-α expression.In a streptozotocin-induced mouse model of diabetes, diabetic mice received either a blocking anti-proNGF monoclonal antibody or a p75NTR antagonist small molecule as weekly systemic injections for 4 weeks. Animals were tested at baseline (at 2 weeks of diabetes induction), and after 2 and 4 weeks of treatment. Outcomes measured were voiding function with voiding spot assays and cystometry. Bladders were assessed by histological, contractility and protein expression assays.Diabetic mice showed features of DVD as early as 2 weeks after diabetes diagnosis (baseline) presented by hypertrophy, reduced contractility and abnormal cystometric parameters. Following treatment initiation, a twofold increase (p 

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