Airspace dimension assessment with nanoparticles as a proposed biomarker for emphysema.

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Airspace dimension assessment with nanoparticles (AiDA) is a novel method to measure distal airspace radius non-invasively. In this study, AiDA radii were measured in 618 individuals from the population-based Swedish CArdiopulmonary BioImaging Study, SCAPIS. Subjects with emphysema detected by computed tomography were compared to non-emphysematous subjects. The 47 individuals with mainly mild-to-moderate visually detected emphysema had significantly larger AiDA radii, compared with non-emphysematous subjects (326±48 µm vs 291±36 µm); OR for emphysema per 10 µm: 1.22 (1.13-1.30, p<0.0001). Emphysema according to CT densitometry was similarly associated with larger radii compared with non-emphysematous CT examinations (316±41 µm vs 291 µm±26 µm); OR per 10 µm: 1.16 (1.08-1.24, p<0.0001). The results are in line with comparable studies. The results show that AiDA is a potential biomarker for emphysema in individuals in the general population.


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Authors: H Laura Aaltonen, Madeleine Petersson Sjögren, Jonas K F Jakobsson, Hanna Nicklasson, Sandra Diaz, Francisco Sánchez Montiel, Sophia Zackrisson, Veronica Ideböhn, Gunnar Engström, Jakob Löndahl, Per Wollmer

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