Achalasia and Obstructive Motor Disorders Are Not Uncommon in Patients with Eosinophilic Esophagitis.

An association has been reported between achalasia and eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE). We performed a retrospective study of high-resolution manometry (HRM) patterns in a large cohort of patients with EoE.We collected data from consecutive patients with a new diagnosis of EoE from 2012 through 2019 undergoing HRM during the initial assessment at different centers in Italy. Demographic, clinical, endoscopic and histological characteristics were recorded at baseline and during management. Diagnoses of EoE and esophageal motility disorders were made according to established criteria. Treatments offered included proton pump inhibitors and topical steroids for EoE, and pneumatic dilation and myotomy for achalasia. Response to therapy was defined as less than 15 eosinophils per high power field in esophageal biopsies.Of 109 consecutive patients (mean age 37 years, 82 male), 68 (62%) had normal findings from HRM. Among 41 patients with motor disorders, 24 (59%) had minor motor disorders and 17 (41%) presented with major motor disorders, including 8 with achalasia (1 with type 1, 4 with type 2, and 3 with type 3). Achalasia and non-achalasia obstructive motor disorders had 14.7% prevalence among patients with EoE. Achalasia was more frequent in women, with longer diagnostic delay and abnormal esophagogram (P

Get PDF with LibKey

View the article @ Clinical gastroenterology and hepatology : the official clinical practice journal of the American Gastroenterological Association (sign-in may be required)