One-hour plasma glucose (1-h PG) during the oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) is an accurate predictor of type 2 diabetes. We performed a meta-analysis to determine the optimum cutoff of 1-h PG for detection of type 2 diabetes using 2-h PG as the gold standard.We included 15 studies with 35,551 participants from multiple ethnic groups (53.8% Caucasian) and 2,705 newly detected cases of diabetes based on 2-h PG during OGTT. We excluded cases identified only by elevated fasting plasma glucose and/or HbA1c. We determined the optimal 1-h PG threshold and its accuracy at this cutoff for detection of diabetes (2-h PG ≥11.1 mmol/L) using a mixed linear effects regression model with different weights to sensitivity/specificity (2/3, 1/2, and 1/3).Three cutoffs of 1-h PG, at 10.6 mmol/L, 11.6 mmol/L, and 12.5 mmol/L, had sensitivities of 0.95, 0.92, and 0.87 and specificities of 0.86, 0.91, and 0.94 at weights 2/3, 1/2, and 1/3, respectively. The cutoff of 11.6 mmol/L (95% CI 10.6, 12.6) had a sensitivity of 0.92 (0.87, 0.95), specificity of 0.91 (0.88, 0.93), area under the curve 0.939 (95% confidence region for sensitivity at a given specificity: 0.904, 0.946), and a positive predictive value of 45%.The 1-h PG of ≥11.6 mmol/L during OGTT has a good sensitivity and specificity for detecting type 2 diabetes. Prescreening with a diabetes-specific risk calculator to identify high-risk individuals is suggested to decrease the proportion of false-positive cases. Studies including other ethnic groups and assessing complication risk are warranted.
Vasudha Ahuja, Pasi Aronen, T A Pramodkumar, Helen Looker, Angela Chetrit, Aini H Bloigu, Auni Juutilainen, Cristina Bianchi, Lucia La Sala, Ranjit Mohan Anjana, Rajendra Pradeepa, Ulagamadesan Venkatesan, Sarvanan Jebarani, Viswanathan Baskar, Teresa Vanessa Fiorentino, Patrick Timpel, Ralph A DeFronzo, Antonio Ceriello, Stefano Del Prato, Muhammad Abdul-Ghani, Sirkka Keinänen-Kiukaanniemi, Rachel Dankner, Peter H Bennett, William C Knowler, Peter Schwarz, Giorgio Sesti, Rie Oka, Viswanathan Mohan, Leif Groop, Jaakko Tuomilehto, Samuli Ripatti, Michael Bergman, Tiinamaija Tuomi