Dietary Therapies Induce Rapid Response and Remission in Pediatric Patients With Active Crohn's Disease.

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Dietary therapies based on exclusion of usual dietary elements induce remission in children with Crohn's disease (CD), whereas re-exposure induces rebound inflammation. We investigated whether a short trial of dietary therapy, to identify patients with and without a rapid response or remission on the diet (DiRe), can be used to predict success or failure of long-term dietary therapy.We collected data from the multicenter randomized trial of the CD exclusion diet (CDED). We analyzed data from 73 children with mild to moderate CD (mean age, 14.2±2.7 y) randomly assigned to groups given either exclusive enteral nutrition (EEN, n=34) or the CDED with 50% (partial) enteral nutrition (n=39). Patients were examined at baseline and at weeks 3 and 6 of the diet. Remission was defined as CD activity index scores below 10 and response was defined as a decrease in score of 12.5 points or clinical remission. Inflammation was assessed by measurement of C-reactive protein.At week 3 of the diet, 82% of patients in the CDED group and 85% of patients in the EEN group had a DiRe. Median serum levels of C-reactive protein had decreased from 24 mg/L at baseline to 5.0 mg/L at week 3 (P

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