A new report* analysing inspections of independent health providers, such as private GP services, allergy and specialist slimming clinics, revealed concerns about safety and efficacy of prescribing, poor record keeping, and a lack of communication with patients GPs.
The Care Quality Commission (CQC) analysis found that almost a quarter of slimming clinics (nine of 38 first inspection reports analysed) were not meeting the regulations for effective care, with some found to be treating people with medicines not recommended by the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) or the Royal College of Physicians. Inspectors found examples of appetite suppressants being prescribed to patients with a BMI lower than that recommended, or to patients with high blood pressure.
While some good practice was identified, the analysis found that just under half of independent consulting doctor services (32 out of 66 first inspection reports analysed) and slimming clinics (16 out of 38 first inspection reports analysed) were not providing safe care in accordance with the relevant regulations on their first inspection. However, it found that most providers (10 out of 14 independent doctor reports analysed) had improved upon re-inspection. Among re-inspected slimming clinics, eight had shown some improvement.
Concerns were also found around safeguarding in other types of providers, such as circumcision clinics. While these services had systems to obtain consent from both adults with parental responsibility in place, they had not always obtained written consent from both parents before a procedure, or only asked for consent from both parents when the provider suspected a possible dispute.
However, inspectors also identified good practice including one circumcision clinic that provided post-operative support 24 hours a day, as well as daily text alerts for following a procedure to give prompts and advice. Two other providers had produced guidance about circumcision, which other health institutions had adopted.
Encouragingly, the CQC says re-inspections of slimming clinics showed evidence of improvement over the course of the inspection programme, with evidence that providers had addressed concerns and applied learning both from inspections of their own services and those of other providers.
However, not all services improved sufficiently – on a second inspection, one slimming clinic was not able to demonstrate that it was keeping people safe. As a result, CQC took enforcement action to remove its registration to operate.
Ursula Gallagher, deputy chief inspector of general practice and lead for independent providers at the CQC, said: “In looking at this diverse group of services, we have found and highlighted some truly responsive care. We were also pleased to see that on re-inspection, providers showed improvement in a number of areas where we had found very real concerns such as safe prescribing.
“However, this was not always the case and too often we saw poor prescribing practice and providers with a limited awareness of their responsibilities – not just to their patients but to the wider healthcare system. I hope this report will help providers and others to identify what they need to do and where they might focus their efforts.
“Everyone providing these types of services has a legal responsibility to offer safe, high-quality care that not only meets the needs of the people using it, but also meets the legal requirements that exist to protect patients. Where this isn’t the case and we see risks to patient safety, we will not, and have not, hesitated to stop providers from operating."
Independent services are inspected against the same criteria as all other healthcare providers but do not currently receive a rating. However, from 01 April 2019 CQC will start to introduce ratings for independent consulting doctors and clinics to align with CQC's approach to regulating other services. A clear, at a glance indication of quality will empower people to make informed choices about their care in a sector where there is limited comparative information.
*The state of care in independent doctor and clinic services providing primary medical care: Findings from CQC’s programme of comprehensive inspections in England. A report prepared by the Care Quality Commission, March 2019.