Short intense exercise regimes may aid weight loss
Author: Mark Gould
Bursts of high intensity interval training (Hiit) may be more effective for weight loss than longer less intense workouts, a study* suggests.
The research, published in the British Journal of Sports Medicine, analysed results from 36 earlier studies
Although all the participants lost weight, those doing Hiit saw a 28.5% greater weight loss.
Sprint interval training seemed to be particularly effective for weight loss, although researchers did caution that the wide variety of training programmes made it difficult to recommend one regime in particular. However, the researchers cautioned that Hiit may not be suitable for everyone as it may increase the risk of injury and impose higher cardiovascular stress
Researchers from the Federal University of Goias, Brazil, analysed data from 576 men and 522 women of varying levels of fitness. Interval training was defined as cardiovascular exercise which involved repeated brief bursts of intense effort, interspersed with recovery periods. Cycling, swimming, running and boxing were included.
These workouts were compared with longer continuous moderate intensity workouts, most of which were between 30 and 45 minutes. All participants exercised for at least four weeks.
Those doing interval training lost on average 1.58kg (3.48lb) compared with the 1.13kg (2.49lb) lost by those doing lower intensity workouts.
The NHS currently recommends at least 150 minutes of moderate aerobic activity, such as cycling or brisk walking, every week.
Dr Niels Vollaard, a lecturer in health and exercise science at the University of Stirling, told the BBC that the results were counterintuitive as most people burned more calories during longer moderate exercise.
"There are two possible explanations," he said.
"Firstly, Hiit may lead to greater energy expenditure after exercise - metabolism may be increased for up to a day following a Hiit session.
"Secondly, after a Hiit session, you may be less hungry.
"In our research, we have shown that appetite hormones are indeed affected.
"It is, however, not easy to study whether energy intake is reduced as a result of this in the longer-term when following a Hiit routine, so at the moment we are still unsure exactly what the reason is."
*, et al. Is interval training the magic bullet for fat loss? A systematic review and meta-analysis comparing moderate-intensity continuous training with high-intensity interval training (HIIT). B